Violencia de género en Colombia y su incidencia en Santiago de Cali: factores sociales y marco legal
Falla Vargas, Jhon Alexander
Marín Marín, Andrés Mauricio
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This article analyzes the social factors and legal framework of gender violence in Colombia and its incidence in Santiago de Cali; Antecedents are raised that recognize gender violence as a national and international scourge, a protection framework that faces this type of violence in Colombia and the behavior of gender violence in Santiago de Cali. For this purpose, legal-qualitative research is taken into consideration; oriented mainly towards the description and understanding of a situation or phenomenon (case of law). In this process, hermeneutics is used, in the aspect of identifying and interpreting the legal framework of gender violence in Colombia. The results indicate that the antecedents raised show the relevance of the study topic at a national and international level; the cases presented indicate a constant interest in establishing gender violence against women as a serious violation of human rights, being widely recognized and punished. Consequently, the Colombian State, through Law 51 of 1981, Law 248 of 1995, Law 294 of 1996, Law 1257 of 2008 and Law 1761 of 2015, has established a protection framework that prevents, guarantees and protects, the rights of women in the context of gender violence. Adopting enforceable and exemplary measures for anyone who commits crimes such as femicides, domestic abuse, physical assaults, sexual abuse and employment discrimination. In relation to gender violence against women in Santiago de Cali, various social, cultural, psychological and economic factors are recognized that have influenced its development in the city. This reality is evidenced in the figures and numbers of cases, reported and that place Cali as the city with the highest rates of femicides in the country.