Cumplimiento de las obligaciones legales adoptadas por el Estado Colombiano a través de la ratificación del protocolo de Kioto
Ohmen Sinisterra, Yery Jhoana
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The Kyoto Protocol is an international instrument whose main objective is to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases due to anthropogenic causes that affect the ozone layer and cause global warming; the latter brings with it adverse consequences for life on the planet such as the phenomenon of climate change, of which various international organizations, among which the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, are already expressing concern. Colombia is highly vulnerable to this phenomenon because of its geographical location, highly fragile coastal ecosystems, tropical forests and the fact that it is mainly a developing country; for this reason it is essential for the Colombian State to comply with the obligations it acquires through international instruments such as Kyoto, since this will help it to counter early on the possible negative effects of the intensification of climatic events that could cause irreversible damage in the medium term. This investigation was based on an explanatory and deductive methodology, through which a study of the actions implemented to comply with the Kyoto Protocol was carried out and through this study it was deduced whether Colombia fulfilled these obligations.