Principales determinantes de la inserción laboral de los egresados universitarios en Colombia: un estudio para el año 2017
Parra Jiménez, Ingrith Cecilia
Yara Jurado, Jhony Efrain
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This written document is intended to analyze through an empirical test which are the main determinants of labor participation of university graduates in Colombia, focusing the study for the year 2017. In the development of the work, use is made of the database provided by the Ministry of National Education (MEN), which is the follow-up survey of graduates of higher education carried out in 2017 for the labor market, with the aim of determining the relevant aspects of graduate immersion in work. For this purpose, a linear model, a probit model and a logit model are estimated, to obtain the results that explain the main determinants of the labor participation of university graduates in Colombia, and thus test the hypothesis that more education more job opportunities. The dependent variable is the employment situation, that is, whether you are working or not, and the independent variables that will be used are: work experience, marital status, number of children and level of study. Among the main results found is that one of the determinants of the labor insertion of university graduates is work experience in a 2,2%, leaving aside the signaling theory at the national level, which is one of the most relevant in this study.