Economía circular: una estrategia aplicable a la gestión integral de los residuos sólidos
Asaff Cárdenas, Viviana Andrea
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Today, nations are in search of sustainable development, framed in the achievement of economic, social development and environmental protection for the satisfaction of present needs without affecting the needs of future generations. In this sense, the excessive production of solid waste is a worldwide problem, which results in the environmental impact through greenhouse gas emissions, pollution of water sources, inadequate disposal in unauthorized places, among other; therefore, it is the duty of all countries and the population in general, to generate structural changes in the policies and programs associated with the Integrated Management of Solid Waste, where adequate management, treatment, use and final disposal are the focus of attention with the application of available technologies that use the circular economy approach as a sustainable development strategy. In accordance with the above, this review article explores various bibliographical sources that support the concept of circular economy, importance of solid waste characterization, its management and use applying various technologies, as well as application analysis. of the circular economy as a strategy for the Integral Management of Solid Waste. In general, it was found that the applications of efficient technologies made so far such as composting, anaerobic digestion, efficient recycling systems and the advances obtained in developed countries and some in Latin America have managed to reduce costs, reduce gas emissions from greenhouse effect, significantly reduce the generation of waste and greater process performance, articulating solid waste to the production chain.