Manejo inadecuado de residuos sólidos urbanos desde una perspectiva técnica y psicosocial
Gómez Ordoñez, Luz Zenaida
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Researchers of environmental problems, in the area of social sciences, emphasize that to try to solve environmental problems due to the accelerated and irreversible degradation and / or disappearance of natural resources, it is not enough to implement strategies for the treatment of SRs and emphasize the need to know the processes through which behavior and attitudes about the environment are developed (De Castro, 1994). Mosler (1993) points out that “the current environmental problems are not problems between people and the environment, but rather as a product of the problems among the members of a social system.” Therefore, this bibliographic review article aimed to identify the factors that influence the behavior of a person, compared to the management of waste using as a basis the Theory of Reasoned Action (TAR) of Ajzen and Fishbein (1980), which states that each person with their values, beliefs, information and behavior prints particular characteristics to the space that inhabits and the elements of said space and highlights the importance of the modification of the behavior and attitudes of each individual in a given space.The document was articulated in three sections, the first describes the generalities of integral management of solid waste (GIRS), the second one deepens the importance of environmental education (advances and limitations) and Finally, the psychosocial aspects associated with solid waste disposal are described. Finally, it was found that factors such as economic, cultural and knowledge about the importance of environmental protection and about the methods of recycling and classification of solid waste, influence the behavior of each person individually and collectively in solid waste management.