Enfermedades Infectocontagiosas de Origen Laboral
Calderón Durán, Estefanía
Florián Arroyo, Keila
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In the health sector, biological risk is the most common, with the most exposed being the staff that provides direct assistance to the sick, the laboratory staff that processes contaminated or possibly contaminated samples. Within all the groups that make up the health sector, this work addresses, exclusively, the possible biological risks and infectious diseases to which the personnel interacting with patients can be exposed. Among the occupational hazards suffered by these personnel, one of the most worrying is the exposure to diseases of serum transmission due to accidental punctures with sharp objects, due to the severity of the consequences and the frequency with which they occur. Exposures of health personnel to diseases such as hepatitis C, the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), with the risk of contracting AIDS, with the hepatitis B virus. It is important to provide protection to workers against risks related to exposure to biological agents during work, which requires the evaluation of biological risks in the workplace. Thus, and bearing in mind that it is the Health Entities that are responsible for adopting measures to control this situation. Therefore, we must bear in mind that the prevention of occupational hazards must be integrated between the objectives of the entities, and all the professionals of the organizations have to assume the specific obligations in the matter in the daily development of their work. It is necessary to implement preventive measures in the workplace, seeking the establishment of safe work practices, promotion of health and safety of workers, in the same way, strategies to motivate workers for behavioral changes. All this will allow to achieve a significant improvement in the working conditions of the health group, which will have an impact on an improvement in healthcare quality.