Manejo de excretas y aguas residuales en comunidades rurales. Efectos en la salud pública
Piza De La Hoz, Janis Jaqueline
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In the 21st century, urban and rural communities have a serious environmental and public health problem because they do not have an adequate process of liquid waste management that is controls of domestic management, of agricultural and industrial processes. The majeo and treatment of wastewater and excreta is important because it affects the physical and chemical conditions of the water and in turn generates a negative impact on people's health. This reflection article focuses on the bibliographic review of the conceptual elements that allow the understanding of the management of wastewater and excreta taking into account the impact that is generated on the physical, chemical and health factors, a review of the experiences of wastewater management in Latin America and in the Colombian context, a balance on wastewater treatment technologies in rural areas was also carried out. Next, an analysis is carried out on the characteristics of the wastewater and its relation to public health. Additionally, a collection of primary information was carried out in the community of Vereda El Peón, corregimiento de Pance, rural area of Santiago de Cali, Valle del Cauca - Colombia, In order to identify the health problem related to the management of excreta and wastewater, they especially affect the youth population. In conclusion, the treatment of wastewater is relevant in the community for public health and the environment.