Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repository.usc.edu.co/handle/20.500.12421/323
Title: The Great American Biotic Interchange: A paleoecological review considering neotropical mammals and birds
Other Titles: El Gran Intercambio Biótico Americano: Una revisión paleoambiental de evidencias aportadas por mamíferos y aves neotropicales
Authors: Pelegrin, J. S.
Gamboa, Sara
Menéndez, Iris
Hernández Fernández, Manuel
Keywords: Biogeography
Great American Biotic Interchange
Paleobiogeography
Paleoecology
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2018
Publisher: Asociacion Espanola de Ecologia Terrestre
Abstract: Under classical point of view, the formation of the Panama Isthmus during Pliocene (3 Ma ago) would have allowed the species interchange between North America and South America. This ecological and evolutionary process named Great American Biotic Interchange (GABI) would be determinant in the configuration of the current american biota. This process began to be studied with information from the fossil record in diverse taxa (especially mammals). Furthermore, information from extant species, biogeographic aspects, phylogenetical analysis, a constant growing of fossil record, as well as a significant increase in the geological knowledge of the zone, have allowed us to propose scenarios for a high complexity GABI processes and suggest a scenario of less isolation for South America during the Cenozoic. The most recent evidence derived from studies in birds and mammals point to multiple colonization events since the late Oligocene with the entry of some bird groups, and later along the Miocene with the colonization of lineages in both taxa, these events were previous to what has usually been considered for the interchange process. The fully established GABI is constituted by 4 phases along the Plio-Pleistocene, in each one of them, different waves of colonization were presented between both continents in a great diversity of lineages. Also during Pleistocene-Holocene several processes of extinction were evidenced, the explanation of which were the determining factors in these processes have been cause of debate, this aspect is discussed in our paper, showing through the evidence an important paradigm with explanations based on the relevance of paleogeographic factors and environmental changes in the adaptation processes to biomes. Thus, we leave the classical idea of ecological competition between northern and southern species. In conclusion, the process turns out to be a complex network of biotic interactions conditioned mainly by changing abiotic factors during the paleoenvironmental configuration of the Americas. © 2018 Los Autores. Editado por la AEET. [Ecosistemas no se hace responsable del uso indebido de material sujeto a derecho de autor]
URI: https://repository.usc.edu.co/handle/20.500.12421/323
ISSN: 16972473
Appears in Collections:Artículos Científicos



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