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Title: Spores of Beauveria bassiana and Trichoderma lignorum as a bioinsecticide for the control of Atta cephalotes
Authors: Fernandez Daza, Fabian Felipe
Rodriguez Roman, Ginna
Valencia Rodriguez, Marino
Gonzalez Vargas, Ivan Andres
Cardenas Heano, Heiber
Pascoli Cereda, Marney
Cuervo Mulet, Raul Alberto
Keywords: Entomopathogenic fungi;Biological control;Bioinsecticide;Biological risk;Field validation
Issue Date: 17-Sep-2019
Publisher: NLM (Medline)
Abstract: Background: The leafcutter ant (Atta cephalotes) is associated with losses in the agricultural sector, due to its defoliating activity; for its control, biological, mechanical and chemical methods have been developed, the latter associated with adverse efects on human and environmental health. This research validated in the feld for the control of the leafcutter ant (A. cephalotes) using a mixture of Beauveria bassiana and Trichoderma lignorum spores. Methods: The efectiveness from the combination of spores of B. bassiana and T. lignorum with an initial concentration of 2×109 spores/ml, in the following proportions of B. bassiana and T. lignorum, A (1:1), of each fungus. It was evaluated within the university campus, comparing it with two commercial formulations, Mycotrol (B. bassiana) and Mycobac (T. lignorum). Additionally, this formulation was evaluated in 49 nests distributed 16 in 14 locations in Colombia. The formulation application was carried out by direct application, using a pump at a speed of 10 ml/m2. The efectiveness was estimated from the reduction of the fow of ants, evaluating the statistically signifcant diferences using the ANOVA and Tukey-test. Results: Efective control of 90% of the nests was observed in the feld phase in 60 days, except in nests with areas >50 m2 that were located in regions with high rainfall (annual average precipitation above 7000 mm), such as Buenaventura. Conclusions: In this work, it was demonstrated that the combination of B. bassiana and T. lignorum spores represent a viable alternative for the control of the leafcutter ant, in which the efectiveness is related to several factors, including the size of the nest and the rainfall in the area.
ISSN: 07176287
Appears in Collections:Artículos Científicos

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